In order to begin analyzing applicable data, it is necessary to first determine which market segment will be analyzed. An example of sectors can include a focus on a particular industry, such as the automotive or pharmaceuticals sector, as well as a particular type of investment, such as the bond market . Once the sector has been selected, it is possible to examine the general performance of the sector. This can include how the sector was affected by internal and external forces. For example changes in a similar industry or the creation of a new governmental regulation would qualify as forces impacting the market. Analysts then take this data and attempt to predict the direction the market will take moving forward.
A channel consists of two trendlines that act as strong areas of support and resistance with the price bouncing around between them. The upper trendline consists of a series of highs, while the lower trendline consists of a series of lows. A channel can slope upward , downward , or sideways , but regardless of the direction, the interpretation is always the same. Traders expect the price to trade between the support and resistance trendlines until it breaks out beyond one of the two levels, in which case traders can expect a sharp move in the direction of the breakout. Along with clearly displaying the trend, channels are used to illustrate important areas of support and resistance for the stock price.